Journal of Advances in Sports and Physical Education (JASPE)
J Adv Sport Phys Edu
Prof. ANA LÚCIA PADRÃO DOS SANTOS
Scholars Middle East Publisher
Country of Origin:
“Journal of Advances in Sports and Physical Education” ISSN 2616-8642 (Print) & ISSN: 2617-3905 (Online) is a Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review Articles, Mini-Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports and Case Series, Essays within the whole of Sports and Physical Education.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Journal of Advances in Sports and Physical Education” includes all the areas of research activities and findings in all fields of Sports and Physical Education like exercise physiology, sport psychology biomechanics, biokinetics, muscle mechanics, immunology, nutrition, Sport Management, Physiology of Sports, Adapted Physical Education, Sports Pedagogy, Rehabilitation etc.
Prof. ANA LÚCIA PADRÃO DOS SANTOS
School of Physical Education and Sport - University of São Paulo Sao Paulo, SP – BRAZIL
Dr. Tejashree Dabholkar. PhD
Professor , College of Physiotherapy, D.Y. Patil University, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Prof G. Donald Allen
Department of Mathematics Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 USA
Dr. Dnyanesh Patil
Associate Professor, Department of Sports Physiotherapy, School of Physiotherapy, D Y Patil University, Navi Mumbai, India
Bala Yunusa Tilde
Head of Department Physical and Health Education Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State Nigeria
Dr. T. Onima Reddy
Associate Professor Department of Physical Education, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India
Sumit Kr. Thapa
Assistant Professor Centre for Studies in Physical Education and Sports, Dibrugarh University, Assam, India
Yrd. Doç. Dr. Gerçek BUDAK
Assistant Professor Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Ankara, Turkey
Asst. Prof. Ibrahim Hamed Ibrahim Hassan
Faculty of Physical Education University of Zagazig 44519 Zagazig - Sharkia Egypt
Dr: Nguka Gordon
Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya
Predictors of Electrocardiographic Maladaptations in Professional Athletes in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Odia, Kanayo Mercy, Anugweje Kenneth Chimbuoyim, Dapper Datonye Victor
Page Numbers : 60-65
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i03.003
Regular exercise is highly effective in cardiovascular health improvement. Professional athletes have always been regarded as exemplars of good health and have also attracted scientific curiosity on account of the strength and endurance that characterize their lifestyle. Over a period of time in athletes, cardiac adaptations to sport activities occur. The normal electrocardiographic (ECG) presentation of the heart is changed and abnormal pattern becomes present. Some of these abnormal ECG changes are suggested to be maladaptations that are risk factors for sudden cardiac death. Does the abnormal ECG pattern have anything to do with the training age of the athletes? The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between electrocardiographic abnormalities and training age of athletes in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out on a total of 170 athletes consisting of 63males and 107 females (16-35years of age). Their training ages were documented and the athletes were grouped into 3: Group 1 are athletes that have been training for 1-5years; group 2 : 6-10years and group 3 from 10 years and above. Anthropometric measurements and heart rates were determined. Physical examination was conducted to exclude the presence of associated co-morbidities. Electrocardiographic parameters were determined using a standard resting 12-lead electrocardiogram. Maladaptive ECG changes were determined using the Seattle criteria. Results showed that the training ages of athletes negatively correlated significantly with heart rate(R=-0.24; P=0.001) and T-axis (R=-0.24; P=0.01). Also training age positively correlated significantly with QRS- Interval (R=0.16; 0.03) and QT- Interval (R= 0.22; 0.001). Athletes in group 3 (training age > 10years) recorded a significantly higher percentage of the occurrence of repolarization abnormality (ꭕ2 =5.50; p= 0.04). In addition, being a female and increased training age, are the significant predictors of the occurrence of a maladaptation. (Odd ratio=4.38; p=0.003 and odd ratio = 1.14; p=0.03 respectively). The abnormal electrocardiographic changes found in this study may be due to some physiological maladaptation resulting from prolonged training age and possibly sex variation. These maladaptations are suggestive of risk factors for possible sudden cardiac death.
Original Research Article
March 10, 2020
Research on the Influence of Reliability and Brand Image on Purchase Intention of Sports Brands Endorsed by Entertainers: A Case Study of Adidas Endorsed by Chun-Ning Chang
Yu-Ching Lo, Kuo-Wei Lin
Page Numbers : 52-59
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i03.002
The purpose of this study is to explore the influence of reliability and brand image on purchase intention of sports brands endorsed by entertainers. A questionnaire survey is conducted in this study, and the students from Hsin Sheng Junior College of Medical Care and Management are taken as research objects. A total of 300 questionnaires are sent out; after the deduction of 5 invalid questionnaires, a total of 295 valid questionnaires are collected. In this study, SPSS20.0 for Window Chinese package statistical software is used as the analysis tool. After the verification of descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, independent sample t test, Pearson product difference correlation analysis, and regression analysis, the results obtained are as follows: The reliability of entertainer endorsement has a significant impact on purchase intention, in which the influence of reliable image is greater than the influence of the attractiveness on purchase intention; Brand image has a significant influence on purchase intention, in which the effect of functionality in brand image is greater than the effect of symbolism in brand image on purchase intention; The reliability, brand image, and purchase intention of entertainer endorsement are significantly correlated. According to the results of this study, it is suggested that the selection of endorsers for sports brand companies must be consistent with the positive image of sports brand and have the popular impression, so as to attract consumers’ recognition and expectation of products and provide references for relevant manufacturers.
Original Research Article
March 10, 2020
Investigation of the Balance and Attention of Dance Exercise
Gulsum Bastug , Yasemin Coşkun, İlker Gunel
Page Numbers : 45-51
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i03.001
The purpose of this study is to examine the balance and attention characteristic of dance exercise. 200 university students with a mean age of 20.63+1.59, who studied at the Faculty of Sport Sciences at Muğla Sitkı Koçman University in the 2016-2017 academic year participated in the study. University students participating in the study were taught 3 hours of Latin dance (salsa, bachata) once a week for 12 weeks. The "d2 attention test", which validity and reliability was performed in Turkish by Çağlar and Koruç , developed by Brickenkamp , was used to determine students' attention attributes related to dance exercise. Data analysis, frequency analysis, Impulsive statistics. Kolmokorov-Smirnov test, t-test, Mann-Whitney U test were used. As a result, there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups of the body weight pretest and posttest values of the students participating in the research. A significant difference was found between the experimental and control groups in the balance posttest value. A positive change was determined in the attention, error, and concentration post-test values of the students who participated in the dance study. It has been determined that dance work positively affects balance and attentiveness.
Feb. 16, 2020
The Importance of Movement for the Overall Development of the Child at Pre-School Age
George F. Zarotis
Page Numbers : 36-44
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i02.003
The lack of exercise in childhood is caused by a variety of different factors. In order to illustrate the consequences of a lack of exercise, the effects of exercise on child development will be discussed. The aim of the present study was to identify the multifunctional importance of movement in all areas of child development on the basis of various research studies. The method used in this study was a review of the relevant literature. By analysing various research results, we discovered that due to the increase in postural weaknesses, postural defects and motor deficits in children and adolescents and the associated cognitive consequences, various studies and publications have been conducted in recent years, in which effective physical education at pre-school age is repeatedly mentioned as the cornerstone for the holistic development of children. Movement activities and physical activity can have a positive influence on physical development in the following areas: a) improved development and increased performance of the cardiovascular system, b) age-appropriate development of the muscular system, c) high resilience of the skeleton and d) positive contribution to the formation of a correct posture and avoidance of postural weaknesses and postural damage. Numerous scientific studies have shown that there is a connection between movement activity and intelligence development. For example, children of pre-school age achieved better results in intelligence tests than the non-subsidised control groups through regular physical activity promotion. In addition, targeted motoric promotion has a lasting effect on improving concentration. Particularly in early childhood, versatile physical activity can have a positive influence on the development and training of mental abilities. In childhood, movement activities have a high experience value. Victory and defeat, joy and sorrow, happiness and disappointments - sport and play provoke a variety of emotional states that have a lasting effect on the emotional development of children. Through movement, the child tests its body. It learns to deal with it, to assess it and it feels the limits of its own body. Due to their physical activity, children experience recognition from their peers and adults. Such experiences are of great importance for the development of self-confidence and mental balance. Since a large number of physical activities in childhood are connected with group activities, there are various social educational effects for the growing person. Movement, sport and play can provide important impulses and helpful lessons for personal adaptation, interpersonal relationships and appropriate social behaviour. In summary, it can be said that exercise has effects on the whole person. Different areas are addressed by exercise and can therefore be promoted through exercise.
Feb. 14, 2020
Case Study: The Effect of Low Carbohydrate Energy Restricted Diet on Body Composition and Physical Performance of a Female Artistic Gymnast
Aleksandar Markov, Tatyana Dzimbova
Page Numbers : 29-35
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i02.002
Physics of a gymnast is very important for appearance on the competition, but also is crucial for performance, as an extra weight decreases the ability to perform certain movements and leads to injuries. The aim of the study was to reduce body weight of young female gymnast with minimum losses of muscle mass changing diet. Nineteen years old gymnast was involved in the study. Nutrition was examined using food questionnaire and food records. Body impedance analyzer Ioi 353 was used for body composition analysis and Heath-Carter method – for somatotype determination. Wingate and Sargent test were applied for anaerobic capacity determination. A low carbohydrate energy restricted nutritional plan for five days was developed. The subject reduced her weight by 2.1 kg. Her anaerobic capacity did not change significantly according to Wingate test (relative average power 2nd visit – 6 W/kg and 5th visit - 6.22 W/kg), but according to Sargent test (2nd visit – 3345.6 W and 5th visit – 4252 W) her power increased. The results clearly show that the person reduced the weight for about one month and the largest percentage being due to the loss of body fat and this did not affect the anaerobic capacity of the gymnast.
Original Research Article
Feb. 9, 2020
The Relationship of Occupational Stress, Physical Fitness Levels, Body Fat Percentage and Absenteeism
Spanos K, Strigas A, Travlos A, Kipreos G
Page Numbers : 23-28
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i02.001
Obesity and health problems have been observed that reduces productivity and increases absenteeism. Although the relationship between health and productivity is strong, few studies have examined whether the level of obesity and physical activity affect the absence from work and how the health-related habits are affected. The aim of this study was to examine the relations between job stress body fat, physical fitness levels, health-related habits and absenteeism, among 440 office workers of public sector and private sector companies of Greece employee population. Significant differences observed in the absence days between normal weight (NW) individuals (3.07 ± 1.7), overweight (8.56 ± 3.08) and obese (12.62 ± 10.1). The regression analysis model present an R value of 0.814, p<0.05 and shows that 65.8 % of variance in absenteeism is being explained by body fat percentage, VO2max flexibility level and the job stressors role and demand In addition, NW employees consume significantly less fast food meals (2.26 ± 1.76) a week compared to overweight (3.72 ± 1.91) and obese (3.54 ± 1.61). This study provides evidence that obesity and lack of physical activity affect the absent days from work. Higher body fat is also associated with unhealthy attitudes.
Original Research Article
Jan. 24, 2020
Is the Body Composition and FMS Scores Useful for Evaluation of Effort Capacity and Injury Risk In Soldiers?
The main goal of military physical training is balancing the need to improve and maintain a high fitness level whilst minimizing injury risk. Injury risk increase is dependent on inter alia movement quality. The study group was composed of 54 soldiers with an average age of 34,7 ± 6,33 who served in the Polish Army Land Forces. The purpose of this study was to determine if body composition data, Functional Movement Screen results as well as fitness test results confirm their practical application for evaluation of physical condition of soldiers and their predisposition to injury. Furthermore, based on gathered data, we attempted to verify if there was a correlation between body composition or Functional Movement Screen scores and physical efficiency. The average distance for the Yo-Yo test was 827,4 m. The average FMS score was 14,6±2,24. The FMS scores ranged from 10 to 19 points. Based on received FMS results, soldiers were divided into 3 groups. Group I (n-17) comprised of soldiers who received less than 14 points on a 21-point scale. Group II (n-26) comprised of soldiers who received between 14 and 16 points, and group III (n-11) included subjects who scored above 17 points. Based on the obtained results, we conclude that the body composition analyser will be more useful for a quick, initial assessment of exercise capacity than results of the Functional Movement Screen. Examination using the body composition analyser provides data correlating with the exertion capacity of subjects and is less time consuming.