Journal of Advances in Sports and Physical Education (JASPE)
J Adv Sport Phys Edu
Prof. ANA LÚCIA PADRÃO DOS SANTOS
Scholars Middle East Publisher
Country of Origin:
“Journal of Advances in Sports and Physical Education” ISSN 2616-8642 (Print) & ISSN: 2617-3905 (Online) is a Monthly, peer reviewed, open access, Journal published by published by “Scholars Middle East Publishers”, Dubai, UAE. This Journal publishes Original Research Articles, Review Articles, Mini-Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports and Case Series, Essays within the whole of Sports and Physical Education.
Scope of Journal
The scopes of “Journal of Advances in Sports and Physical Education” includes all the areas of research activities and findings in all fields of Sports and Physical Education like exercise physiology, sport psychology biomechanics, biokinetics, muscle mechanics, immunology, nutrition, Sport Management, Physiology of Sports, Adapted Physical Education, Sports Pedagogy, Rehabilitation etc.
Prof. ANA LÚCIA PADRÃO DOS SANTOS
School of Physical Education and Sport - University of São Paulo Sao Paulo, SP – BRAZIL
Dr. Tejashree Dabholkar. PhD
Professor , College of Physiotherapy, D.Y. Patil University, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Prof G. Donald Allen
Department of Mathematics Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 USA
Dr. Dnyanesh Patil
Associate Professor, Department of Sports Physiotherapy, School of Physiotherapy, D Y Patil University, Navi Mumbai, India
Bala Yunusa Tilde
Head of Department Physical and Health Education Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State Nigeria
Dr. T. Onima Reddy
Associate Professor Department of Physical Education, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India
Sumit Kr. Thapa
Assistant Professor Centre for Studies in Physical Education and Sports, Dibrugarh University, Assam, India
Yrd. Doç. Dr. Gerçek BUDAK
Assistant Professor Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Ankara, Turkey
Asst. Prof. Ibrahim Hamed Ibrahim Hassan
Faculty of Physical Education University of Zagazig 44519 Zagazig - Sharkia Egypt
Dr: Nguka Gordon
Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya
The Importance of Movement for the Overall Development of the Child at Pre-School Age
George F. Zarotis
Page Numbers : 36-44
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i02.003
The lack of exercise in childhood is caused by a variety of different factors. In order to illustrate the consequences of a lack of exercise, the effects of exercise on child development will be discussed. The aim of the present study was to identify the multifunctional importance of movement in all areas of child development on the basis of various research studies. The method used in this study was a review of the relevant literature. By analysing various research results, we discovered that due to the increase in postural weaknesses, postural defects and motor deficits in children and adolescents and the associated cognitive consequences, various studies and publications have been conducted in recent years, in which effective physical education at pre-school age is repeatedly mentioned as the cornerstone for the holistic development of children. Movement activities and physical activity can have a positive influence on physical development in the following areas: a) improved development and increased performance of the cardiovascular system, b) age-appropriate development of the muscular system, c) high resilience of the skeleton and d) positive contribution to the formation of a correct posture and avoidance of postural weaknesses and postural damage. Numerous scientific studies have shown that there is a connection between movement activity and intelligence development. For example, children of pre-school age achieved better results in intelligence tests than the non-subsidised control groups through regular physical activity promotion. In addition, targeted motoric promotion has a lasting effect on improving concentration. Particularly in early childhood, versatile physical activity can have a positive influence on the development and training of mental abilities. In childhood, movement activities have a high experience value. Victory and defeat, joy and sorrow, happiness and disappointments - sport and play provoke a variety of emotional states that have a lasting effect on the emotional development of children. Through movement, the child tests its body. It learns to deal with it, to assess it and it feels the limits of its own body. Due to their physical activity, children experience recognition from their peers and adults. Such experiences are of great importance for the development of self-confidence and mental balance. Since a large number of physical activities in childhood are connected with group activities, there are various social educational effects for the growing person. Movement, sport and play can provide important impulses and helpful lessons for personal adaptation, interpersonal relationships and appropriate social behaviour. In summary, it can be said that exercise has effects on the whole person. Different areas are addressed by exercise and can therefore be promoted through exercise.
Feb. 14, 2020
Case Study: The Effect of Low Carbohydrate Energy Restricted Diet on Body Composition and Physical Performance of a Female Artistic Gymnast
Aleksandar Markov, Tatyana Dzimbova
Page Numbers : 29-35
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i02.002
Physics of a gymnast is very important for appearance on the competition, but also is crucial for performance, as an extra weight decreases the ability to perform certain movements and leads to injuries. The aim of the study was to reduce body weight of young female gymnast with minimum losses of muscle mass changing diet. Nineteen years old gymnast was involved in the study. Nutrition was examined using food questionnaire and food records. Body impedance analyzer Ioi 353 was used for body composition analysis and Heath-Carter method – for somatotype determination. Wingate and Sargent test were applied for anaerobic capacity determination. A low carbohydrate energy restricted nutritional plan for five days was developed. The subject reduced her weight by 2.1 kg. Her anaerobic capacity did not change significantly according to Wingate test (relative average power 2nd visit – 6 W/kg and 5th visit - 6.22 W/kg), but according to Sargent test (2nd visit – 3345.6 W and 5th visit – 4252 W) her power increased. The results clearly show that the person reduced the weight for about one month and the largest percentage being due to the loss of body fat and this did not affect the anaerobic capacity of the gymnast.
Original Research Article
Feb. 9, 2020
The Relationship of Occupational Stress, Physical Fitness Levels, Body Fat Percentage and Absenteeism
Spanos K, Strigas A, Travlos A, Kipreos G
Page Numbers : 23-28
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i02.001
Obesity and health problems have been observed that reduces productivity and increases absenteeism. Although the relationship between health and productivity is strong, few studies have examined whether the level of obesity and physical activity affect the absence from work and how the health-related habits are affected. The aim of this study was to examine the relations between job stress body fat, physical fitness levels, health-related habits and absenteeism, among 440 office workers of public sector and private sector companies of Greece employee population. Significant differences observed in the absence days between normal weight (NW) individuals (3.07 ± 1.7), overweight (8.56 ± 3.08) and obese (12.62 ± 10.1). The regression analysis model present an R value of 0.814, p<0.05 and shows that 65.8 % of variance in absenteeism is being explained by body fat percentage, VO2max flexibility level and the job stressors role and demand In addition, NW employees consume significantly less fast food meals (2.26 ± 1.76) a week compared to overweight (3.72 ± 1.91) and obese (3.54 ± 1.61). This study provides evidence that obesity and lack of physical activity affect the absent days from work. Higher body fat is also associated with unhealthy attitudes.
Original Research Article
Jan. 24, 2020
Is the Body Composition and FMS Scores Useful for Evaluation of Effort Capacity and Injury Risk In Soldiers?
The main goal of military physical training is balancing the need to improve and maintain a high fitness level whilst minimizing injury risk. Injury risk increase is dependent on inter alia movement quality. The study group was composed of 54 soldiers with an average age of 34,7 ± 6,33 who served in the Polish Army Land Forces. The purpose of this study was to determine if body composition data, Functional Movement Screen results as well as fitness test results confirm their practical application for evaluation of physical condition of soldiers and their predisposition to injury. Furthermore, based on gathered data, we attempted to verify if there was a correlation between body composition or Functional Movement Screen scores and physical efficiency. The average distance for the Yo-Yo test was 827,4 m. The average FMS score was 14,6±2,24. The FMS scores ranged from 10 to 19 points. Based on received FMS results, soldiers were divided into 3 groups. Group I (n-17) comprised of soldiers who received less than 14 points on a 21-point scale. Group II (n-26) comprised of soldiers who received between 14 and 16 points, and group III (n-11) included subjects who scored above 17 points. Based on the obtained results, we conclude that the body composition analyser will be more useful for a quick, initial assessment of exercise capacity than results of the Functional Movement Screen. Examination using the body composition analyser provides data correlating with the exertion capacity of subjects and is less time consuming.
Original Research Article
Jan. 11, 2020
Effect of Exams Period on Prevalence of Myofascial Trigger Points in Neck in Secondary School Students
Dr. Syeda Mahanoor Zehra, Dr. Muhammad Saad Khan
Page Numbers : 1-16
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2020.v03i01.001
To evaluate the effect of exams period on prevalence of myofascial trigger points in the neck in secondary school students. 120 secondary school students with the age of 12-18 years were palpated for MTrP in the upper trapezius, Sternocledoimastoid and levetor scapulae muscles with ordinal ranking (0= no finding,1=tight band, 2=latent MTrP,3= active MTrP). During the semester session and exam session. Pain intensity was measured on Numerical rating Scale scoring from 0 to 10. Participants showed higher prevalence of Myofascial Trigger Point in both Right and Left Upper Trapezius. Greater prevalence of MTrP in Right Sternocleidomastoid in comparison with Left Sternocleidomastoid. Levetor scapulae also showed greater prevalence on Right muscle than on the Left muscle. Students showed higher number of myofascial trigger point in the neck during exam session. It recommended that to minimize the formation of Myofascial Trigger point preventive measures should be taken in exam period.
Original Research Article
Dec. 25, 2019
Monitoring of Physical Activity of Soldiers of the Army of the Czech Republic during an Ordinary Week and During Continuous Field Training
Jan Zemánek, Miroslava Přidalová
Page Numbers : 193-198
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2019.v02i10.002
Aim: This research is aimed at the comparison of the amount of weekly physical activity of professional soldiers of the Army of the Czech Republic (soldiers of the 7th mechanized brigade) during an ordinary week spent in the garrison and during a week of continuous field training. Methodology: The observed group was made up of 48 professional soldier volunteers in the age range of 30.12 ± 4.84 years. The measurement has been performed continuously during the time span of one week. Physical activity has been measured with the utilization of the ActiGraph GT1M accelerometers supplemented with the use of a weekly physical activity protocol. Results: Based on the results it is possible to infer that no difference has been found between the amount of weekly physical activity of the soldiers during a week spent in garrison and during a week of continuous field training in a military training area. The level of physical activity has been sufficient during both of the weeks. The average active energy expenditure has been 18.27 kcal higher during the week of continuous field training. The average active power has been 5.06 kcal/hour higher during the ordinary week spent in garrison. Conclusion: Based on the values of average daily step count during an ordinary week in the garrison and during a week of continuous field training the soldiers´ activity can be categorized as regular medium intensity movement without competitive sport activity (Máček et al., 2010) and meets the healthy recommended value of number of steps per day (Aoyagi & Shephard, 2009).
Original Research Article
Dec. 20, 2019
Coach Leadership in Football
Aida Shehu, Avdyl Kuriu, Edison Ikonomi
Page Numbers : 186-192
DOI : 10.36348/jaspe.2019.v02i10.001
The coach of a football team with his leadership influences the performance of the team. Characteristic coach behaviors such as training and instruction, autocratic and democratic behavior, social support, positive feedback, influence the success of the team. The purpose of the study is to footballers investigate perceptions of the leadership style of football coaches under 15 and under 17, as well as coaches views of on their style of work, identifying differences. The subjects of the study are 104 football players. Study indicators indicate a high rating of footballers for behavior, coach training and instruction. Study indicators indicate a high rating of athletes for coach behavior, training and instruction. Democratic behavior is perceived as lower than instruction, while autocratic behavior is low, frequencies rarely dominate. Footballers feel social support, encouragement and positive feedback is high.